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    柏林位于中欧平原,施普雷河注入哈弗尔河口处,有750年历史  ,超长有悠久的历史,1991年成为德国的新首都。

    柏林的建筑多姿多彩,蔚为壮观。人们徜徉街头,随处可见到一座座古老的大教堂、各式各样的博物馆和巍然挺立的连云高楼。既有巴洛克风格的灿烂绚丽的弗里德里希广场,也有新古典主义风格的申克尔剧院,既有富丽堂皇的宫殿,也有蜚声世界的现代建筑流派作品。这些美不胜收而又经历了历史沧桑的各具特色的建筑,使人强烈感受着柏林的古典与现代、浪漫与严谨的氛围。柏林是座文化名城,全年几乎都有文化节,常常瞬眼间,街道就变成了舞台,行人变成了观众。
    柏林是世界重要的文化学术交流场所之一,有柏林爱乐乐团、柏林电影节、还有音乐剧目“巴黎圣母”和众多国际著名的展览和博物馆。
    柏林位于德国东北部,四面被勃兰登堡州环绕。施普雷河和哈韦尔河流经该市。柏林扼东西欧交通要处,北部距离波罗的海、南部距离捷克均不到200公里。柏林位于欧洲的心脏,是东西方的交汇点。城市面积883平方公里,其中公园、森林、湖泊和河流约占城市总面积的四分之一,整个城市在森林和草地的环抱之中,宛若一个绿色大岛。现有居民约340万,其中同性恋者约有30万。
    从十九世纪普鲁士王国开始,柏林一直是“日耳曼帝国”的首都。柏林早在  柏林13世纪时已成为贸易集镇,17世纪发展成为地方性的政治、经济和文化中心。第二次世界大战前,它是德国首都和最大城市。战后,东、西柏林分道扬镳、各自发展。1990年两德统一,柏林结束了一个城市、两种制度的局面,重新成为德国的首都。
    柏林经济、文化事业均非常发达。鸟瞰柏林,其周围被森林、湖泊、河流环抱,城市仿佛沉浸在一片绿色海洋中。施普雷河从南面缓缓流过市区。亚历山大广场电视塔,四周环以现代化的旅馆、商店、会议厅、教师会馆等大型建筑,气魄雄伟、造型美观。库尔费斯腾达姆商业街长3千米,商店、服饰店、画廊鳞次林比。著名的菩提树街,是欧洲最著名的林荫大道。
    此外,用乳白色花岗岩筑成的勃兰登堡门、有800年历史的圣母教堂、市政厅、博物馆岛上的古老建筑群、“水晶宫”共和国官、洪堡大学等亦十分著名。古老的夏洛特堡宫周围分布着埃及博物馆、古董博物馆、史前早期博物馆和应用美术馆等重要文化建筑,其内收藏着许多珍贵文物和艺术品。古老的威廉皇帝纪念教堂直侧建有八角形的新教堂。1957年落成的银色、屋顶呈蚌壳状的会议大厅是现代建筑的代表作之一。
    柏林还是世界重要的文化学术交流场所之一,建有现代化的国际会议中心。两年一度的柏林国际电影节也吸引着世界级影星和电影爱好者的关注。
    柏林作为德国主要的工业城市,主要工业部门有电子、机器制造、化工、印刷、纺织和食品加工等。
    柏林还是国际交通枢纽。1838年柏林-波斯坦铁路通车,揭开了欧洲铁路时代的序幕,1881年,世界上第一辆有轨电车在柏林投入使用。柏林地铁始建于1897年,战前全长达75公里,设有92个车站,为欧洲最完善的地铁系统之一。现在的柏林有3个主要机场,3座国际性火车站,公路长5170公里,公共交通网2387公里。
    1994年4月5日,柏林与北京结为友好城市。
 
 
 
 

 

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